“Mango”(Mangifera Indica): Facts, Benefits of mango and side effects, planting process, other uses, related questions and conclusion.

Mangifera Indica (Mango):

Mango info


A mango is an edible stone fruit and species of flowering plant in the family Anacardiaceae. The mango produced by tropical tree Mangifera Indica which is originated from thr region between Northwestern Myanmar, Bangladesh and northeastern India. Mangifera India has been cultivated since ancient time in South and Southeast Asia. There are two distinct type of modern mango cultivars: the ‘Indian type‘ and the ‘Southeast Asian type’.
Other species in genus Mangifera also produce edible fruits that are also called “Mangoes“. It’s major amount is found in Malesian ecoregion.
The species was first described by Linnaeus in 1753. The Mango is the national fruit of India, Pakistan and the Phillipines and national tree of Bangladesh.
There are several hundred mango cultivars in worldwide. Depending on the cultivars, the shape, size, colour, sweetness change which may be pale yellow, green, gold, and orange.  
The juicy, ripe mango fruit has a rich tropical aroma and flavor that summons thoughts of sunny climate and sultry breezes. It is amazing and beautiful thing that gives back so much to the planet and the people who tend it.

Black mango 


Benefits of Mango:



This fruit is not only delicious but also boasts an impressive nutritional profile. Studies link mango and it’s nutrients to several health benefits such as improve immunity and digestive health. Some polyphenols found in the fruit might even lower the risk of Cancer.

Here some benefits are described-


 Packed with nutrients:-


People like and eat the mango not only because it is delicious but also it is filled with lots of nutrition. 

One cup (165)gm of fresh Mango provides:

Calories: 99
Protein: 1.4 gram
Carbs: 24.7 gram
Fat: 0.6gram
Fiber: 2.6 gram
Sugar: 22.5 gram
Vitamin C: 67% of daily venue(dv)
Copper: 20% of DV
Folate: 18% of the DV
Vitamin B6: 12% of DV
Vitamin A: 10% of DV
Vitamin E: 10% of DV
Vitamin K: 6% of DV
Niacin: 7% of DV
Potassium: 6% of DV 
Riboflavin: 5% of DV
Magnesium: 4% of DV
Thiamine: 4% of DV

One of the most impressive fact of Mango is that just one cup of fresh Mango can provide 67% of DV for Vitamin C. The water soluble vitamins help your immune system, help your body absorb iron and promote cell growth.
Mango is also a source of minerals copper and folate, which are most important for pregnant women as they support fetal growth and development. 

Low in calories: 


Another benefit of Mango is that it is low in calories.
One cup (165) grams of fresh Mango contain fewer than 100 calories and has a very low calorie density. 
Infact most fresh fruits and vegetables tend to have a low calorie density. One study found that consuming fresh fruit like mango in the starting of meal could help you in keep overeating later on in the meal.
But keep in mind that it may not be in the case of dried mango.
One cup of dried mango contain 510 calorie, 106 grams of sugar and high calorie density.
Though dried mango is still rich in nutrients like vitamins, minerals and antioxidants. It may be best to consume it in moderation.


May help prevent diabetes:-


Fresh Mango is relatively high in natural sugar compared with other fresh fruits. 
You might think that it is worrisome for those people who are suffering from disease like diabetes or for those who are trying to limit their sugar intake.
However there is no evidence that eating fresh Mango leads to diabetes or is unhealthy for people with this condition. Infact many studies have even linked that higher intake of fresh fruits with the lower risk of diabetes overall. 
However one study has examined that if a person add 10 gram of freeze dried mango in their daily diet everyday for 12 weeks experienced improvement in their blood sugar levels.
Mango is rich in nutrients so it may provide similar benefits though more research is needed.

Dasahri mango 


Immune boosting nutrients:-


Mango is a good source of immune boosting nutrients.

One cup (165gram) of fresh Mango provide 10% of your daily Vitamin A needs. Vitamin A is essential for healthy immune system. Not get enough Vitamin A can link to greater risk of infection. This vitamin help in producing more white blood cells for disease fighting and help these cells works more effectively and improve your skin’s defenses.
Mango also contains other nutrients like Copper, Folate, Vitamin E and several Vitamin B which may help in boosting immunity.


Help in heart health:-


Mango contains nutrients that support a healthy heart.
It have magnesium and potassium which help in maintaining a healthy blood flow. These nutrients help your blood vessels relax, promoting lower blood pressure level.
Mango’s super antioxidant mangiferin also appears to be good for heart health.
In addition, it may help your lower blood levels of cholesterol, Triglycerides and free fatty acids.


May improve digestion:-



Mango has several nutrients that make it excellent for digestive health. It contain a digestive enzymes called Amylase. Amylase break down large food amount so that our body can absorb it.
These enzymes are more active in ripe mangoes which is why they are more sweeter than unripe one. 
Mango has digestive enzymes, water, dietary fiber and other compounds that help various aspects of digestive health.


May support eye health:-


Mango is full of nutrients that help support healthy eyes. There are two main key nutrients that contain antioxidant Lutein and Zeaxanthin. These are concentrated in the retina of your eyes which convert light into signals so your brain can interpret what you are seeing.
All the nutrients concentrate at the centre of retina which is called Macula.
Mangoes have rich amount of Vitamin A also which help in keeping your eye healthy.


May help in lower risk of certain 
Cancer:-



Mangoes have some polyphenols which may have some anti-cancer properties.
Polyphenols can help protect against a harmful process called oxidative stress, which is linked to many type of cancer.


Mango is amazing and such juicy, delicious and nutritious fruit which keep your body healthy.


How do we grow Mango tree:-



The growing zone of mango tree is limited to tropical climates. Extended exposure to temperature below 30°F can kill and damage the mango trees as mango tree has low cold tolerance. The mango tree produces the delicious mangi fruits which absorb Carbon dioxide, release oxygen and support in the livelihoods of thousands of people. 
Mangifera Indica are deep rooted and evergreen plant. Mango tree start producing fruits in three year and form fruit quickly. New mango tree planting is done in late winter to early spring when the plants are not actively growing.


Planting of Mango Tree:



Prepare the place by digging the hole that is twice as wide and deep as the root ball. Check the drainage by filling the hole with water and watch that how fast it drains. Mango tree can survive some period of flooding but healthiest plant are produced where soil percolate well.
Plant the young tree with graft scar just at the soil surface.
Young mango tree must care frequent watering as the plant establishes.


Growing mango trees from seed:-


Mango tree can easily grow from seed. Take a fresh mango pit and slit the hard husk. Remove the seed inside and plant it in seed starter mix in a large pot. Situate the seed with 1.6 cm and fill the above surface with soil. It works best for growing the mango plant. Keep the soil moist and place it where the temperature remain atleast 70°F.



Caring of Mango trees:-


Care of Mango tree is same as the care of other fruit trees. Water the tree so that it’s long taproot saturate deeply. 
Fertilize the tree with nitrogen fertilizer three times per year. Space the feeding and apply 1 pound per year of the growth.
Prune the tree after every 4 year to remove the weak stem and produce strong scaffold of the branches.
Caring for mango tree must also include watching for pests and diseases. 
Growing mango tree in the home landscape will give lifetime fresh pungent fruit from an attractive shade tree.


How can we add mango in our daily diet:-



Mango is delicious, versatile, and easy to add to your diet.
However you may find little difficult to cut due to its tough skin and large pit.
You can enjoy the mango in different ways as:

~Add it to smoothies.
~Dice it and mix it with salsa.
~Toss it into summer salad.
~Add mango to Greek yogurt or oatmeal.

And many other ways are there.
Keep in mind that mango is sweeter and contain more sugar than any other fruits. So it is best to limit mango to about two cup (330gram) per day, it’s moderation key.


Side effects of Mango:-


Mango, the national fruit of India, is loved by all the people of this country. And we wait for the summer season just to enjoy the juicy and delicious fruit.
There are several benefits of Mango but it may be harmful to your health sometimes since it have some side effect too. 

Mango is one of the only reasons to love and wait for Summer season. Mango is considered to be as the king of fruit as well.
But there are several side effects of Mango:-

1. Overeating mangoes cause diarrhoea. So it always recommend that consumption should be moderate. Because mango has good amount of fiber and high consumption of fiber can cause diarrhoea problem.

2. High consumption is harmful for diabetics patients since it has high natural sugar. So if you have diabetes then first consult your doctor.

3. Mangoes can be allergic for some people and they can experience watery eyes, runny nose, breathing problems, abdominal pain, sneezing etc. 
So if you face any of these problems then stop your consumption of Mangoes for some days.


4. This fruit some times can cause indigestion especially raw mangoes in large quantity.


5. The king of fruit is high in calories which may cause weight gain.


6. Artificial ripening is done in many countries including India to produce fresh Mangoes fast during the summer. But this mango is not safe for health because this ripening is done by artificially using chemicals Calcium Carbide, which is harmful and also banned in some countries.


7. According to Ayurveda, mango should not be consumed with milk. It might be harmful to our health.


8. According to some research, mangoes increase the heat of our body and which cause many skin problems like pimples, skin rashes, inflammation, redness and itchiness.


9. Patients having arthritis should consume Mangoes in a very small amount.


However, Mangoes come with ample health benefits as well as it is packed with rich amount of essential nutrients, vitamins and minerals. But there are some side effects also. To avoid these problems, we have to eat the mango in limited amount. Nothing in excessive amount is good for health.


Related questions answers:-


1. Which country is the largest producer of Mango?

India.


2. Which continent is mango native to?

Asia.


3. Where is mango tree recognised as national tree ?

Bangladesh.


4. Which Vitamin is Abundant in mango?

Vitamin C.


5. What is the kingdom of Mango?

Mangifera Indica.


7. Average height of Mango Tree?

50-60 feet


Summary line/ Bottom line:-



Mangifera Indica commonly known as Mango, national fruit of India, is rich in Vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants and it has been associated with many health benefits including potential anticancer properties as well as improve digestion, immunity system and eye health.

Best of all that it is very tasty and easy to add to your daily diet as part of smoothies and many other dishes.

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