Cucumber : Facts, Benefits of cucumber, Side-effects, Special dishes, Related questions

Cucumber:-

benefits of cucumber 



Cucumber, (Cucumis sativus) is widely cultivated creeping vine plant in the cucurbitaceae family that bears usually cyrindrical fruits, which are used as vegetables. The nutritional value of cucumber is low, but it’s flavour make it popular for salads and relishes. The cucumber originates from South Asia, but now grows on most continents as cucumber are traded as global market in most of countries.

The cucumber plant is a tender annual with a rough, succulent, trailing stem. 
The cucumber can be grown in frames or on trellises in greenhouse in cool climates and is cultivated as a field crop and in home gardens in warmer areas. 
Growing fruits and vegetables at home can also increase nutritional value, as people can eat them as soon as they harvest them. People who have a garden and having a good source of getting sunrays and has well drained soil may wish to grow cucumber.


Types of Cucumber:-


Most people think of cucumbers as vegetables, they are actually a fruit. The most commonly type of cucumber found is the Hothouse or English cucumber. It is large with dark green skin, and few or no seeds.

There are some other type of cucumber also includes:-

Armenian, or snake cucumber: 


These are long and twisted with thin dark green skin and pale furrows. People mainly used it as pickle.

Japanese Cucumber:


These are dark green and narrow. The skin is thin with small bumps on it. People like it very and much and can easily eat them completely.

Lemon cucumber:


Lemon cucumber are of size of a lemon, with pale skin. The taste is sweet and delicate.

Kirby cucumber:


Kirby cucumber are crispy with thin skin and small seeds. People often use it for dill pickles.

Persian cucumber:


These are crunchy and shorter and fatter than the Hothouse cucumber.

The cucumber (Echinocystis lobata) is wild cucumber vine which grow very fastly and is native to North America. Gardeners consider it a weed and it’s fruits are not edible.


Nutritional profile of Cucumber:-


The cucumber is a member of the Cucurbitaceae family. Other members of the family include squash and different kinds of melon, including bitter melon. Cucumber have a mild refreshing taste and a high water content. People eat cucumber as a Savory food, but it is a fruit. It can help in dehydration and are provide pleasant in hot season. It also have properties of beauty.

Cucumber provide various nutrients but are low in calories, fat, cholesterol, and sodium.


Water: 137g
Calories: 17
Protien: 0.8g
Fat: 0.2g
Carbohydrates: 3.1g, including 2.0g of sugar
Fiber: 1.0g
Calcium: 19.9g
Iron: 0.3mg
Magnesium: 17mg
Phosphorus: 29.8mg
Potassium: 193mg
Sodium: 2.8mg
Vitamin C: 4.5mg
Folate: 19.9mcg
Beta carotene: 44mcg
Lutin + Zeaxanthin: 22.7mcg
Vitamin K: 10.2mcg

Cucumber also contains a range of Vitamins B, Vitamin A, and antioxidants, including a type known as lignans.


Benefits of Cucumber:-


Constipation:-


According to 2013 review in Fitoterapia, Cucumbers might helpful in constipation due to both fiber and water present in it. Tufts University noted that cucumbers can pack even more of a digestive punch if they are turned into pickles during a home-fermentation process.

Cucumber pickles contain probiotic bacteria that promote healthy digestion and cultivating beneficial gut flora. Store-bought pickles usually do not have these bacteria because they have been boiled


Rich in fiber:


Cucumber is considered a good source of nutritious fiber that will help your body function properly. The combination of fiber and water in Cucumber help in preventing the constipation and increase the regulation.


Hydration:-


 According to WebMD, Cucumbers have 95% of water. Due to which cucumber become a best source to stay hydrated, especially in the season of Summer. 
Cucumber is not only high in water content but also it have many nutritional properties. Some nutrition like magnesium and potassium also play a role in hydration. It also help to keep the body hydrated.

People who don’t enjoy drinking water they can add cucumber amd mint for making it more attractive. 
Staying hydrated is very important for maintaining health intestine properly, avoiding kidney stone, various skin problems and so on. Cucumber is one of the most beneficial source to keep your body hydrated.


Cancer:-


Cucumber contain high level of bitter-tasting nutrients known as cucurbitacin as it is the member of cucurbitaceae family of plants. According to the article, International journal of health services, cucurbitacins may help prevent the cancer by stopping the formation of cancer cells.

A 133g cup of chopped cucumber with its skin provide 1g of fiber. Fiber may protect from colorectal cancer.
Cucumber contain mostly two phytonutrients compound associated with anti-cancer benefits: Lignans and cucurbitacin. However in 2021, health feedback assessed a claim made by Ethan Evans in his medical thriller, “The Eden Prescription”(Book Surge publishing 2010) that: “Cucumber kills lung cancer cells” and cucurbitacin B suppressed the growth of lung cancer cells by 90% and also tumor cells in people.


Skin:-


Some research has suggested that Cucumber’s nutrients may provide the benefits of skin problems. You have probably seen the picture that people used to put the slice of Cucumber on their eyes for relaxing. Cucumber slices can be placed on the eyes for reducing the morning puffiness and treat sunburn when placed on that affected part. Cucumber have cooling and soothing effect that decreases swelling, inflammation, and irritation.

Bone health:-


Cucumbers are also source of calcium which help in boosting the health of bone.

Beautiful hairs:-


The sulphur and silicon present in Cucumber can help in strengthening and rejuvenating your hair. You can improve your hair growth and make it soft and silky in touch. 


Relieve in Migraine:-


The magnesium present in Cucumber help in controlling the blood pressure and also relief in migraine problem. 


Antioxidant:-


Cucumber contain flavonoids, tannins and other antioxidants which help to bring down the pain by controlling the number of radicals released in the body.
Rat Cucumber daily to reduce the pain if cannot suffer it completely.


Fight to bad breath:-


You have to brush twice a day and maintain a proper oral hygiene. Sometimes, You may still be plagued with a bad breath that make people shun you. Have as much amount of Cucumber as much you want to wash the bacteria off your gums and teeth. You don’t have to opt costly treatment to get rid of stinking breath. You just have to eat cucumber wash your teeth free from bacteria as much as possible.


Side-effects of Cucumber:-



Cucumber is safe and good for most of people to eat because it is rich in nutrients and there are so many benefits of eating cucumber mostly in summer season. But there are also some side effects and risk of Cucumber:


Digestive problems:


Cucumber has the property which help in digestion but there are some type of Cucumber which are hard to digest. According to 2013 review in Fitoterapia, Cucumbers might helpful in constipation due to both fiber and water present in it.
Cucumber pickles contain probiotic bacteria that promote healthy digestion and cultivating beneficial gut flora. Store-bought pickles usually do not have these bacteria because they have been boiled out.


Blood clotting:-


Cucumber is rich in Vitamin K. Eating too much cucumber may affect in the clotting of blood. People who use warfarin (Coumadin) or similar blood thinning drugs should not increase their intake of Cucumber without suggestions of doctors.


Allergy:-


However, cucumber have nutrients which help in many skin type problems. It’s cooling and soothing property may help in relaxing the irritation and inflammations. But some people have reported the allergic reaction of Cucumber. 

Symptoms of reactions:


Hives
Swelling
Difficulty in breathing

If a person eat too much cucumber it may suffer from breathing problem which is very dangerous and need immediate medical attention.


Toxicity:-


Some cucurbitacin are toxic for people to consume. Eating bottle gaurd for example causes illness in some people.

People should avoid eating the plant on which cucumber grow.

Only consume cucumber fruit which are edible.

The amount of cucurbitacin in everyday dose of Cucumber are unlikely to cause toxicity.


Easy Indian recipes with cucumber:-



Try these three delicious recipes of cucumber to obtain their health benefits with a good taste in other way:

#1 Raita


In India, people used to make different dishes in which one of the wholesome dish which can beat the heat is Cucumber Raita. It is very delicious and also provide benefits with yummy taste.

Ingredients required:


1/2 cup of grated cucumber
1 tablespoon cumin powder
1 cup plain curd
1/2 tablespoon red chilli powder
2 tablespoons freshly chopped coriander or leaves of mint
Salt to taste


Direction:


Add all the ingredients to a bowl and whisk untill it all mixes properly. Now serve it alongside rich and flavorful dish.



#2 Cucumber juice:


This a a refreshing drink which help to keep your body hydrated.
Recipe is given below and contains 43 calories serving among the 6 person.


Ingredients required:


2 cups of cubed cucumber
3 cups of water
1 cup mint leaves
1 tablespoon lime juice
1/2 teaspoon salt
1/4 teaspoon of crushed black pepper
1 tsp chat masala
1 tsp of cumin powder


Direction:-


Blend all ingredients, pour into tall glass and add some ice cubes.
Consume cucumber by adding it to your daily diet to ensure hydration, lose weight naturally, for beautiful hair, and skin problem.


#3 Salad


This is simple dish of chopped vegetables which help in refreshing and easy to add to their daily diet.


Ingredients required:


1 chopped onion
2 medium chopped tomatoes
2-3 chopped Cucumber
1/4 cup finely chopped mint leaves
1/4 cup of finely chopped coriander leaves
1 teaspoon lemon juice
Salt to taste

Optional:


1/2 teaspoon roasted cumin powder
A green chilli or 1/4 teaspoon red chilli powder

Direction:


Add all chopped vegetables in a bowl add salt and lemon juice mix it well and serve it with daily meal.


Frequently asked questions:


1. Can Cucumber help in losing the weight?


Cucumber consists of 95% of water and extremely low in calories. It contains nutrients, fiber, vitamins and other antioxidant which make it beneficial for a good health.



2. Can Cucumber prevent from Cancer?


Yes, Cucumber have two anti-cancer nutrients which help in reducing the growth of cancer cells. 


3. Can we use Cucumber as toner?


Cucumber may have astringent properties and it may help to clean the face. Cucumber juice is a natural toner. Mix 
equal amount of Cucumber juice and yogurt to make a face pack also which reduce dry skin and blackheads.


4. What are the best way to consume Cucumber?


Eating a raw cucumber can help you keep hydrated and beneficial for body too. People mainly use to eat cucumber in salad mix with other vegetables.  
Cucumber juice/water is very helpful for keeping the body hydrated in summer season. Pair it with seasonal fruits and enjoy it with wholesome snacks.



5. Can I eat cucumber with its skin?


Many people use to peel the skin of Cucumber before eating. Unfortunately, a majority of nutrients present in the skin of Cucumber. There are some problems or risk but if you intake it with proper hygiene then it is good.
Waah it carefully and remove the dirt or bad part of Cucumber and then slice it without peeling of its skin. It is more beneficial for our body.


Summary and tips:-


Cucumber is one of the best source to keep the body hydrated and it have many nutrients as well as cooling and soothing property so that it may helpful for many disease, body problem, skin problems.

Enjoy this hot summer day by keeping your body well hydrated with the help of eating fresh cucumber. Doctor often advice patients to remain hydrated. As it is easy to intake and to add to your daily diet as Raita, Salad, juice, etc. 


Pickling is a method of preserving food not only Cucumbers to prevent spoiling. There are two basic type of pickle— fermented and non fermented. Fermented pickles have been soaked in brine which is water and saturated with salt. The word pickle come from Dutch word ‘Pekel‘ which means brine.
So cucumber can also preserve as in the form of pickles. Children like pickles and it can be preserved and prevented from being spoiled.

Choose crisp, firm cucumber and avoid those with shriveled and withered water. Store it in refrigerator for up to a week. 

Some producers used to coat cucumber with wax which is harmful so don’t only wash before using or storing, but rinse it properly and peel off the skin before consuming.


Try the following:-


Mix sliced Cucumbers, tomatoes, olives and feta cheese for a Greek style dish.

Slice cucumber into thick slice and dip them in your favourite hummus.

Blend cucumber with carrot, celery and other vegetables to make juice.



For those people who want to grow cucumber trees, Cornell University have handy Cucumber growing guide.
 Cucumbers are great hydrating fruit, so keep them along with other fruits that offer benefits.


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